One of the most important things to understand about brain injury is, depending on the severity of the damage it will have both short term and long term effects. This means that some symptom will appear right after the injury and some can take weeks or months to appear.
But before you look at the symptoms it is important know the major types of injuries, the most common types of brain injury are:
- Skull fracture: this refers to a broken skull, when the skull breaks it will no longer have the ability to absorb impact leaving the brain exposed to damage
- Edema: edema can be caused by many things, edema is swelling of the brain that builds up pressure in the brain
- Hematoma: this refers to clotting of blood outside the blood vessels.
- Hemorrhage: this refers to bleeding in the brain tissues or in the spaces around your brain.
- Concussion: concussions occur when the brain bounces hard on the walls of the skull. Concussions can lead to permanent brain damage.
The symptoms that result after brain injury will depend on which part of the brain has been injured.
The cerebellum is located at the base of the skull, if it gets damaged the results will be
- Slurred speech
- The person will be unable to walk
- The person will lose the ability to coordinate movement
Temporal lobes are located on the sides of the heads right above the ears, the symptoms of damage are:
- Problems with short term and long term memory
- Difficulties with words
- Difficulties recognizing faces.
The frontal lobe is located on the front part of the brain, damage here will result in
- Changes in behavior and personality
- Mood changes
- Loss of movement in some parts of the body
- Inability to focus
Occipital lobes are located at the back of the head, the results of damage to this area are:
- Visual problems and hallucinations
- Difficulties identifying colors
- Inability to recognize words and object
- Problems related to reading and writing
The parietal lobe is located at the back of the head, when there is damage here the results will be:
- Difficulties with hand eye coordination
- Reading problems and problems with math
- Inability to focus
The brain stem is located deep inside the brain, when there is damage to it the symptoms are
- Sleeping problems
- Loss of balance
- Problems swallowing food
- Speech problems
See a doctor
When you or a loved one receives a major blow to the head it is recommended that you see a doctor immediately, the reason for this is, brain damage no matter how, mild, moderate or severe it is, it will affect who you are and how you behave either in the short run or the long run. Therefore seek medical attention as soon as possible.